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`Children are exposed to temptation all the time´: parents’ lifestyle-related discussions in focus groups
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Socialpediatrisk forskning/Sarkadi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Socialpediatrisk forskning/Sarkadi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Socialpediatrisk forskning/Sarkadi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
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2012 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 101, no 2, 208-215 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim:  To explore parents' perspectives on providing their preschool child with a healthy lifestyle, including obstacles and resources.

Methods:  Five semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted, with 30 parents of 4-year-olds in Sweden. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using Systematic Text Condensation.

Results:  Four themes emerged from the qualitative analysis: Lifestyle -'The way you live is parents' responsibility', Challenges to promote children's healthy lifestyle, Support from professionals, and peers might facilitate, and Request for an overall responsibility from society. Parents felt that they were role models for their child's lifestyle, a concept including many factors. Attractive and tempting sedentary activities and unhealthy foods were perceived as obstacles, and parents were frustrated by the media's contradictory lifestyle messages. Child health services were expected to more actively invite parents to discuss their child's lifestyle issues. Parents desired some collective responsibility for children's lifestyles through agencies, services and media messages that support and promote healthy choices.

Conclusion:  Parents struggled to give their children a healthy lifestyle and the 'temptations' of daily unhealthy choices causing hassles and conflicts. Parents desired professional support from preschool, Child Health Care and a collective responsibility from society with uniform guidelines. Parents groups were mentioned as peer support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 101, no 2, 208-215 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153260DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02446.xISI: 000298914000027PubMedID: 21854450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153260DiVA: diva2:416466
Available from: 2011-05-11 Created: 2011-05-09 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Parental Perspectives on Preschool Children’s Lifestyle: quantitative and qualitative aspects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental Perspectives on Preschool Children’s Lifestyle: quantitative and qualitative aspects
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Children’s lifestyle has changed significantly during the recent decades, with an increasing prevalence of obesity as one outcome. Parents are usually the most influential people in young children’s lives. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate parental perspectives on factors associated with 3-6 year-old children’s lifestyle, regarding eating habits and physical activity. Another objective was to compare different approaches to conducting postal questionnaires in terms of response rate, time consumption and cost-efficiency. The samples in the four studies were parents of 6-year-olds (n=158), parents of 3-year-olds (n=873), parents of 4-year-olds (n=30) and parents of 3-year-olds (n=353). In the first study, a questionnaire regarding practices and attitudes towards their child’s lifestyle, perceived obstacles and desired support was used. The second study included the Swedish Parenthood Stress Questionnaire (SPSQ), the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) and the CFQ (Child Feeding Questionnaire). Parents also reported their child’s TV-viewing habits. The child’s measured height, weight and BMI were obtained from a register, BASTA. In the third study, focus group interviews were performed. The fourth study investigated three types of consent given for participation in a survey. The results showed that parents’ attitudes towards children’s lifestyle, in general, were “healthier” than their reports of their child’s daily practices. The practices differed depending on the parents’ educational background. Significant and dose-dependant associations were found between perceived maternal stress and children’s overweight, but also underweight. Parents felt that they were mainly responsible for their preschool child’s lifestyle. However, parents described challenges that limited and obstructed them from providing their child with a healthy lifestyle, citing the need to receive professional and peer support, while also requesting support from society. Allowing respondents to actively decline participation yielded a higher response rate and proved to be the most cost-efficient method for conducting a postal questionnaire.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2011. 104 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 686
Keyword
eating habits, lifestyle, childhood overweight, parents, perspectives, physical activity, and postal questionnaire
National Category
Pediatrics
Research subject
Pediatrics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153263 (URN)978-91-554-8115-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-23, Universitetshuset Sal IX, Övre Slottsgatan 2, Uppsala, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-08-30 Created: 2011-05-09 Last updated: 2011-09-08Bibliographically approved

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Stenhammar, ChristinaWells, MichaelÅhman, AnnikaEdlund, BirgittaSarkadi, Anna

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