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Go with the flow: How to master a nonlinear multiple-cue judgment task
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition, ISSN 0278-7393, E-ISSN 1939-1285, Vol. 32, no 6, 1371-1384 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The authors examined the cognitive processes that participants use in linear and nonlinear multiple-cue judgment tasks, hypothesizing that people are unable to use explicit cue abstraction in a nonlinear task, instead turning to exemplar memory. Experiment 1 confirmed that people are unable to use cue abstraction in nonlinear tasks but failed to confirm the hypothesized, spontaneous shift to exemplar memory. Instead, the participants appeared to be trapped in persistent and futile attempts to abstract the cue-criterion relations. Only after being instructed to rely on exemplar memory in Experiment 2 did they master the nonlinear task. The results suggest that adaptive shifts of representation need not occur spontaneously and that analytical thought may sometimes harm performance in nonlinear tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 32, no 6, 1371-1384 p.
Keyword [en]
nonlinearity, multiple-cue judgment, cognitive processes, knowledge, representations
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153400DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.32.6.1371ISI: 000241880100012PubMedID: 17087590OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153400DiVA: diva2:416694
Available from: 2011-05-12 Created: 2011-05-12 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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