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Inhibition of Placental Growth Factor Activity Reduces the Severity of Fibrosis, Inflammation, and Portal Hypertension in Cirrhotic Mice
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2011 (English)In: Hepatology, ISSN 0270-9139, E-ISSN 1527-3350, Vol. 53, no 5, 1629-1640 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Placental growth factor (PlGF) is associated selectively with pathological angiogenesis, and PlGF blockade does not affect the healthy vasculature. Anti-PlGF is therefore currently being clinically evaluated for the treatment of cancer patients. In cirrhosis, hepatic fibrogenesis is accompanied by extensive angiogenesis. In this paper, we evaluated the pathophysiological role of PlGF and the therapeutic potential of anti-PlGF in liver cirrhosis. PlGF was significantly up-regulated in the CCl4-induced rodent model of liver cirrhosis as well as in cirrhotic patients. Compared with wild-type animals, cirrhotic PlGF(-/-) mice showed a significant reduction in angiogenesis, arteriogenesis, inflammation, fibrosis, and portal hypertension. Importantly, pharmacological inhibition with anti-PlGF antibodies yielded similar results as genetic loss of PlGF. Notably, PlGF treatment of activated hepatic stellate cells induced sustained extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation, as well as chemotaxis and proliferation, indicating a previously unrecognized profibrogenic role of PlGF. Conclusion: PlGF is a disease-candidate gene in liver cirrhosis, and inhibition of PlGF offers a therapeutic alternative with an attractive safety profile.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 53, no 5, 1629-1640 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153582DOI: 10.1002/hep.24238ISI: 000289956100024PubMedID: 21520176OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153582DiVA: diva2:417152
Available from: 2011-05-16 Created: 2011-05-16 Last updated: 2011-05-16Bibliographically approved

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