Perceived threat of violence and exposure to physical violence against foreign-born women: a Swedish population-based study
2011 (English)In: Women's health issues, ISSN 1049-3867, E-ISSN 1878-4321, Vol. 21, no 3, 206-213 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Violence against women is an increasing global phenomenon. Little is known about violence against foreign-born women, despite a possible increased concentration of risk factors in this group.
Methods: This study investigated prevalence of perceived threat of violence and exposure to physical violence and its relation to country of birth among women (18-64 years) residing in southern Sweden, using data obtained from the 2004 Public Health Survey in Scania, Sweden.
Findings: Foreign-born women reported significantly higher rates of both perceived threat of violence and exposure to physical violence compared with Swedish-born women. Foreign-born women exposed to violence originated primarily from middle/low-income countries (versus high-income countries). The risk of perceived threat of violence remained significantly increased among foreign-born even after further adjustment for potential confounders, such as marital status and disposable income. After similar adjustment, increased exposure to physical violence was no longer significantly related to foreign-born status, but instead was largely attributable to marital status and low levels of disposable income. Foreign-born women, however, had a greater risk of physical violence in the home than Swedish-born women, and violence in the home was the most frequently reported setting for violence exposure among foreign-born women.
Conclusion: Migration may confer an increased risk of interpersonal violence against women. Although the underlying causes of this increased risk are unknown, a complex set of factors may be involved, including socioeconomic disadvantage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 21, no 3, 206-213 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153656DOI: 10.1016/j.whi.2010.12.001ISI: 000290358900004PubMedID: 21521623OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153656DiVA: diva2:417389