uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Assessing restorative components of small urban parks using conjoint methodology
Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Box 5003, NO-1432 Ås, Norway.
School of the Built Environment, Heriot Watt University, Sir William Arroll Building, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Great Britain, United Kingdom.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9970-9164
2011 (English)In: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, ISSN 1618-8667, E-ISSN 1610-8167, Vol. 10, no 2, 95-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many studies have supported the proposition that natural environments contribute positively to psychological restoration. Less attention has been given to the relative importance of the physical environmental components that contribute to the restorative potential of such environments. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relative importance of environmental components, in small urban parks, for people looking for somewhere to sit down and rest. To address this aim, we used choice-based conjoint analysis, coupled with hierarchical Bayes estimation, to assess the utilities assigned to grass, bushes, trees, flower beds, water features, and the number of other people in the park. Via a web-based questionnaire, adult residents of Oslo, Norway (N=154) were presented with text describing successive pairs of park alternatives. Each alternative was comprised of a set of environmental components at different levels. The respondents were to choose the preferred alternative in each pair, given that they were fatigued and looking for a place to rest for a little while. The amounts of grass, trees and other people had the most influence on their choices among park alternatives. Responses across groups defined by age, gender and earlier experience with parks and nature were relatively homogenous. From a planning perspective, the findings indicate the importance of focusing on structural components such as grass and trees rather than decorative components such as flowers and water features.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 10, no 2, 95-103 p.
Keyword [en]
Attention restoration, Landscape architecture, Park design, Restorative environment, Stress recovery
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153996DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2010.12.003ISI: 000290930400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153996DiVA: diva2:418552
Available from: 2011-05-23 Created: 2011-05-23 Last updated: 2016-05-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hartig, Terry
By organisation
Institute for Housing and Urban Research
In the same journal
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 266 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link