Evolution of structure and composition during the synthesis of mesoporous silica SBA-15 studied by small-angle neutron scattering
2011 (English)In: Solid State Sciences, ISSN 1293-2558, Vol. 13, no 4, 793-799 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In-situ time-resolved small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) has been applied for the study of the formation of mesoporous silica SBA-15. The advantage of neutron scattering, compared to X-ray scattering, is the possibility to contrast match i.e. highlight certain parts of the sample. Three different solvents with different scattering contrasts were used for each synthesis. Three different silica sources (tetramethyl orthosilicate, tetraethyl orthosilicate and tetrapropyl orthosilicate) were used and in three cases salts (sodium chloride or sodium bromide) were added prior to addition of the silica source. Hence, the effect of the silica sources and of the salts, on the formation of SBA-15 was investigated. The main focus was on the evolution of the ordered hexagonal structure i.e. investigation of the (10) Bragg peak. In synchrotron SAXS measurements the intensity of the (10) Bragg peak continuously increases during the measurement. However, in the SANS measurements the (10) Bragg peak area decreases with time. The decrease of the (10) peak is highly dependent on the solvent, a larger fraction of D2O in the solvent results in a bigger reduction. The decrease is also more pronounced when salt is present in the synthesis. The reduction of intensity reflects the chemistry in the wall and is explained by the compositional change in the wall during the maturation of the hexagonal order.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 13, no 4, 793-799 p.
SBA-15, Mesoporous, SANS, In-situ, Formation, Pluronic, Synthesis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153936DOI: 10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2010.02.035ISI: 000289965900017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153936DiVA: diva2:418565