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Ink-jet printed thin-film transistors with carbon nanotube channels shaped in long strips
School of Information and Communication, KTH, Kista.
Dept of Information Technology and Media, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall.
School of Information and Communication, KTH, Kista, and , iPack Vinn Excellent center, KTH, Kista.
School of Information and Communication, KTH, Kista, and , iPack Vinn Excellent center, KTH, Kista.
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2011 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 109, no 8, 084915- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present work reports on the development of a class of sophisticated thin-film transistors (TFTs) based on ink-jet printing of pristine single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) for the channel formation. The transistors are manufactured on oxidized silicon wafers and flexible plastic substrates at ambient conditions. For this purpose, ink-jet printing techniques are developed with the aim of high-throughput production of SWCNT thin-film channels shaped in long strips. Stable SWCNT inks with proper fluidic characteristics are formulated by polymer addition. The present work unveils, through Monte Carlo simulations and in light of heterogeneous percolation, the underlying physics of the superiority of long-strip channels for SWCNT TFTs. It further predicts the compatibility of such a channel structure with ink-jet printing, taking into account the minimum dimensions achievable by commercially available printers. The printed devices exhibit improved electrical performance and scalability as compared to previously reported ink-jet printed SWCNT TFTs. The present work demonstrates that ink-jet printed SWCNT TFTs of long-strip channels are promising building blocks for flexible electronics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 109, no 8, 084915- p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry; Engineering Science with specialization in Electronics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153957DOI: 10.1063/1.3569842ISI: 000290047000242OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153957DiVA: diva2:418631
Available from: 2011-05-23 Created: 2011-05-23 Last updated: 2016-04-20
In thesis
1. Towards Solution Processed Electronic Circuits Using Carbon Nanotubes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Solution Processed Electronic Circuits Using Carbon Nanotubes
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Emerging macro- and flexible electronic applications such as foldable displays, artificial skins, and smart textiles grow rapidly into the market. Solution-processed thin-film transistors (TFTs) based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as the semiconductor channel can offer high performance, low cost and versatility for macro- and flexible electronics. Major challenges to the development of SWCNT-based TFTs include: (i) hysteresis in their transfer characteristics (TCs), (ii) difficulties in simultaneous achievements of high on-state current Ion and large on/off current ratio Ion/Ioff, and (iii) poor uniformity and scalability resulting from the poor solution processability. This thesis aims at developing reliable and simple process techniques for fabrication of the SWCNT-based TFTs that possess the afore-stated characteristics. It presents a systematic investigation to not only explore the fundamental device physics, but also develop novel fabrication methods for enhancement of device performance.

First, issues related to the measurement of gate capacitance (Cg), the determination of current scalability, and the hysteresis in randomly networked SWCNTs are properly addressed. This leads to the establishment of a comprehensive methodology for extraction of carrier mobility (μ) for the SWCNT-based TFTs. In detail, the large hysteresis is effectively suppressed by adopting a pulsed drain current-gate voltage (Id-Vg) method in which the polarity of the gate pulse was alternating during the measurement. Different from most reported methods in the literature, Cg is accurately determined in our case by performing direct capacitance-voltage measurement on the TFTs.

Second, with the employment of functional composites comprising SWCNTs embedded in a semiconducting polymer, poly-9,9 dioctyl-fluorene-cobithiophene (F8T2), as the semiconducting channel via facile solution processes under ambient conditions, the fabricated TFTs exhibit outstanding electrical performance with: (i) negligible hysteresis, (ii) high μ, (iii) high Ion and large Ion/Ioff, (iv) excellent uniformity and dimensional scalability, and (v) good stability. These highly desired performance parameters are achieved owing to an ideal composite structure with metallic SWCNTs being selectively removed and the remaining semiconducting SWCNTs being well wrapped by the polymer matrix.

Finally, the developed TFTs basing on the SWCNT/F8T2 composite are used as the building block to construct some logic circuits. The resultant inverters, NANDs, and NORs are found to retain the small-hysteresis characteristics, with a cut-off frequency reaching 100 kHz. The results presented in this thesis advance the state-of-art SWCNT-based macroelectronics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 62 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1039
National Category
Engineering and Technology
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198280 (URN)978-91-554-8657-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-05-30, Häggsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Available from: 2013-05-08 Created: 2013-04-11 Last updated: 2013-08-30

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