uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Important Parameters That Influence Crosstalk in Multiconductor Transmission Lines
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity. (Elektricitetslära)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity. (Elektricitetslära)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity. (Elektricitetslära)
2007 (English)In: Electric power systems research, ISSN 0378-7796, E-ISSN 1873-2046, Vol. 77, no 8, 896-909 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Transient surges in one of the overhead conductors, due to direct lightning strikes, causes crosstalk [C.R. Paul, Analysis of Multiconductor Transmission Lines, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1994; C.R. Paul, Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992] in other adjacent conductors. It is a common electromagnetic interference (EMI) phenomenon observed in power lines, communication lines and electrified railway lines. In this paper we investigate the crosstalk in multiconductor transmission lines (MTLs) above finitely conducting ground as a function of ground conductivity, heights of the receptor conductor and the terminal loads. For receptor conductor close to the ground, compared to the emitter conductor [C.R. Paul, Analysis of Multiconductor Transmission Lines, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1994; C.R. Paul, Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992], the decrease in ground conductivity increases the crosstalk peak currents at near end (end near to the source in the emitter conductor) of the receptor conductor, but at the far end it could either increase or decrease depending upon the line height and ground conductivity.

It is found that the ground impedance [J.R. Carson, Wave propagation in overhead wires with ground return, Bell. Sys. Tech. J. 5 (1926) 539–554; Y.J. Wang, S.J. Liu, A review of methods for calculation of frequency dependant impedance of overhead power transmission lines, Proc. Natl. Sci. Conc. ROC (A), 25 (6), (2001) 329–338; E.D. Sunde, Earth conduction effects in transmission systems, 1st ed., Dover Publications Inc., New York, 1968; A. Deri, G. Tevan, A. Semlyen, A. Castanheira, The complex ground return plane a simplified model for homogenous & multilayer earth return, IEEE Trans. PAS 100 (8) (1981) 3686–3693; K.C. Chen, K.M. Damrau, Accuracy of approximate transmission line formulas for overhead wires, IEEE Trans. EMC 31 (4) (1989) 396–397; A. Semlyen, Ground return parameters of transmission lines an asymptotic analysis for very high frequencies, IEEE Trans. PAS 100 (3) (1981) 1031–1038; E.F. Vance, Coupling to Cable Shields, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1978; J.R. Wait, Theory of wave propagation along a thin wire parallel to an interface, Radio Sci. 7 (6) (1972) 675–679; R.G. Olsen, J.L. Young, D.C. Chang, Electromagnetic wave propagation on a thin wire above earth, IEEE Trans. Anten. Propag. 48 (9) (2000) 1413–1418; M. D’Amore, M.S. Sarto, Simulation models of a dissipative transmission line above a lossy ground for a wide-frequency range. I. Single conductor configuration, IEEE Trans. EMC 38 (2) (1996) 127–138; M. D’Amore, M.S. Sarto, Simulation models of a dissipative transmission line above a lossy ground for a wide-frequency range. II. Multiconductor configuration, IEEE Trans. EMC 38 (2) (1996) 139–149; F. Rachidi, C.A. Nucci, M. Ianoz, C. Mazzetti, Influence of lossy ground on lightning induced voltages on overhead lines, IEEE Trans. EMC 38 (3) (1996) 250–264; F. Rachidi, C.A. Nucci, M. Ianoz, Transient analysis of multiconductor lines above a lossy ground, IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 14 (1) (1999) 294–302; F.M. Tesche, M.V. Ianoz, T. Karlsson, EMC Analysis Methods and Computational Models, John Wiley and Sons Inc., 1997; A.K. Agrawal, H.J. Price, S.H. Gurbaxani, Transient response of multiconductor transmission lines excited by a nonuniform electromagnetic field, IEEE Trans. EMC 22 (2) (1980) 119–129] has profound influence in all the crosstalk cases studied here. Hence, a brief review and comparison of different closed form ground impedance expressions under the limits of transmission line approximation [F.M. Tesche, M.V. Ianoz, T. Karlsson, EMC Analysis Methods and Computational Models, John Wiley and Sons Inc., 1997] and its behavior at both high and low frequencies is presented. It is shown that low frequency approximation of ground impedance is not sufficient for lightning transient studies involving ground conductivities lower than 10 mS/m. The observations presented in the paper have important implications in EMI studies of large distributed outdoor systems, such as the railway network, subjected to lightning strikes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 77, no 8, 896-909 p.
Keyword [en]
Lightning, Transmission lines, Transient analysis, Ground impedance, Crosstalk
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-14155DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2006.06.014ISI: 000246214200002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-14155DiVA: diva2:41925
Available from: 2008-04-25 Created: 2008-04-25 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Electromagnetic Interference in Distributed Outdoor Electrical Systems, with an Emphasis on Lightning Interaction with Electrified Railway Network
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electromagnetic Interference in Distributed Outdoor Electrical Systems, with an Emphasis on Lightning Interaction with Electrified Railway Network
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Elektromagnetisk interferens i distribuerade elektriska system för utomhusbruk, med fokus på växelverkan mellan blixtnedslag och elektrifierad järnväg
Abstract [en]

This thesis deals with the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) problems of distributed electrical networks, especially that caused by lightning to electrified railway. Lightning transients were found to damage important devices that control train movements, causing traffic stoppage and delays. This thesis attempts to develop computational models for identification of parameters influencing the coupling phenomena between those devices and lightning. Some supporting experimental investigations are also carried out. This thesis forms the groundwork on the subject of lightning interaction with the electrified railway networks.

Lightning induces transient overvoltages in railway conductor systems such as tracks, overhead wires, and underground cables, either due to direct lightning strike to the system or due to the coupling of electromagnetic fields from remote strikes. Models based on multiconductor transmission line theory were developed for calculating the induced voltages and currents. A transmission line return stroke model, that can predict the remote electromagnetic fields comparable to experimental observations, is also developed.

Earlier works on modeling earth return impedances for transient studies in power distribution systems are not readily applicable for railways for lightning transients, in cases of low earth conductivities found in Sweden and for large variation in conductor heights. For the wires above ground, the ground impedance models were modified for wide range of frequencies, soil conductivities and wide spread of conductor heights. Influences of pole insulator flashovers, pole-footing soil ionizations and interconnections between the conductors on the lightning surge propagation are studied. Wave propagation in buried shielded and unshielded cables with ground return is studied. Simplified, valid and computationally efficient ground impedance expressions for buried and on-ground wires are proposed. A model for the coupling phenomena (transfer impedance) through multiple cable shields with multiconductor core is also proposed. Besides, experimental studies on lightning induced transients entering a railway technical house, failure modes of relay and rectifier units used in the train position/signaling applications for lightning transients are performed. A high frequency circuit model for the booster transformer for lightning interaction studies is developed. The simulation models are being converted to user-friendly software for the practicing engineers of the railway industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, 2005. xxiv + 206 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 76
Keyword
Electrical engineering, Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Lightning, Lightning Protection, Transmission Lines, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Underground Cables, Grounding, Electromagnetic Transients, Electromagnetic Interference, Shielding Effectiveness, Railway Systems, Elektroteknik, elektronik och fotonik
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-5889 (URN)91-554-6301-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-09-30, Siegbahnsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Polacksbacken, Uppsala, 13:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-09-05 Created: 2005-09-05 Last updated: 2013-09-24Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Theethayi, NelsonThottappillil, RajeevMontano, Raul

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Theethayi, NelsonThottappillil, RajeevMontano, Raul
By organisation
Electricity
In the same journal
Electric power systems research
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 637 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf