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Poly(lactic acid) fiber: An overview
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry.
2007 (English)In: Progress in polymer science, ISSN 0079-6700, E-ISSN 1873-1619, Vol. 32, no 4, 455-482 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) has generated great interest as one of the most innovative materials being developed for a wide range of applications. The polymer is thermoplastic and biodegradable, which makes it highly attractive for biological and medical applications. It can be transformed by spinning into filaments for subsequent fabrication of desirable textile structures. Spinning may be accomplished by various routes, each with its merits and demerits. The medical applications of this polymer arise from its biocompatibility: the degradation product, lactic acid, is metabolically innocuous. The fibers may be fabricated into various forms and may be used for implants and other surgical applications such as sutures. Tissue engineering is the most recent domain where poly(lactic acid) is being used and is found to be one of the most favorable matrix materials. The present article presents a critical review on the production of poly(lactic acid) fiber by various methods, along with correlations between structure and properties of the fibers. The applications of these fibers in various domains are also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 32, no 4, 455-482 p.
Keyword [en]
Poly(lactic acid), Fiber, Spinning, Applications
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-14181DOI: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2007.01.005ISI: 000246327400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-14181DiVA: diva2:41951
Available from: 2008-01-29 Created: 2008-01-29 Last updated: 2011-03-30Bibliographically approved

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