Designing Extracellular Matrix Scaffolds by Dynamic culture of fibroblasts
2007 (English)In: TERMIS-EU Meeting Abstracts London, UK September 4–7, 2007: [published in Tissue Engineering, vol. 13, nr. 7], Mary Ann Liebert , 2007, Vol. 13, no 7, 1667-1667 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Our bodies are constantly exposed to different sorts of mechanical forces, from muscle tension to wound healing. Connective tissue adapts its extracellular matrix (ECM) to changes in mechanical load and the influence of mechanical stimulation on fibroblasts has been studied for a long time [1, 2]. When exposed to forces, fibroblasts are known to respond with expression and remodeling of ECM proteins, in particular collagen type I . In this study the effect of dynamic culture conditions on human dermal fibroblasts was evaluated in terms of deposition and remodeling of ECM, with the aim of producing an ECM based scaffold. The fibroblasts were grown on compliant polymer supports either in a bioreactor with a pulsating flow or under static conditions. By applying dynamic culture conditions, the collagen deposition on the polymer supports increased fivefold. Scanning electron microscopy showed that polymer fibers were well integrated with cells and ECM and alignment along the polymer fibers was observed. Scaffold design should aim at creating structures that can help guiding the cells to form new, functional tissue. The presented system may present a new way of producing designed extracellular matrix based scaffolds for tissue engineering.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mary Ann Liebert , 2007. Vol. 13, no 7, 1667-1667 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-14188DOI: 10.1089/ten.2007.1501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-14188DiVA: diva2:41958