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Lung regional stress and strain as a function of posture and ventilatory mode
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
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2011 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 110, no 5, 1374-1383 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During positive-pressure ventilation parenchymal deformation can be assessed as strain ( volume increase above functional residual capacity) in response to stress (transpulmonary pressure). The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between stress and strain on the regional level using computed tomography in anesthetized healthy pigs in two postures and two patterns of breathing. Airway opening and esophageal pressures were used to calculate stress; change of gas content as assessed from computed tomography was used to calculate strain. Static stress-strain curves and dynamic strain-time curves were constructed, the latter during the inspiratory phase of volume and pressure-controlled ventilation, both in supine and prone position. The lung was divided into nondependent, intermediate, dependent, and central regions: their curves were modeled by exponential regression and examined for statistically significant differences. In all the examined regions, there were strong but different exponential relations between stress and strain. During mechanical ventilation, the end-inspiratory strain was higher in the dependent than in the nondependent regions. No differences between volume- and pressure-controlled ventilation were found. However, during volume control ventilation, prone positioning decreased the end-inspiratory strain of dependent regions and increased it in nondependent regions, resulting in reduced strain gradient. Strain is inhomogeneously distributed within the healthy lung. Prone positioning attenuates differences between dependent and nondependent regions. The regional effects of ventilatory mode and body positioning should be further explored in patients with acute lung injury.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 110, no 5, 1374-1383 p.
Keyword [en]
computed tomography, swine, mechanical ventilation, supine, prone, regional lung mechanics
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154294DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00439.2010ISI: 000290472400032PubMedID: 21393463OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154294DiVA: diva2:419913
Available from: 2011-05-30 Created: 2011-05-30 Last updated: 2011-05-30Bibliographically approved

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