Mixed-mode retention mechanism for (-)-epigallocatechin gallate on a 12% cross-linked agarose gel media
2006 (English)In: Journal of Chromatography A, ISSN 0021-9673, E-ISSN 1873-3778, Vol. 1137, no 1, 49-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The adsorption behaviour of (−)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenolic substance in green tea extracts, on the cross-linked agarose gel Superose 12 HR 10/30, has been studied using a variety of solvent systems and shown to be based on a mixture of hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction. The hydrogen bonding was studied in acetonitrile in the presence of different co-solvents possessing varying hydrogen bond donor (HBD) and/or hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA) characteristics. The HBA-value of the co-solvent had the highest effect whereas the HBD-value played a subordinate role. Retention due to hydrophobic interaction could be demonstrated when mobile phases containing high water content were applied. The retention of EGCG, and its analogues (−)-epigallocatechin (EGC) and (−)-catechin (C) were thus shown to be dependent on the polarity of the organic modifiers added. However, the elution order of EGC and C, was inversed to that observed in reversed phase chromatography, indicating that some hydrogen bonding was still in effect. The retardation of EGCG in the presence of a wide concentration range of acetonitrile in water confirmed the interpretation that the retention mechanism is of mixed-mode character based on both hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 1137, no 1, 49-55 p.
mixed-mode retention, hydrogen bond, hydrophobic interaction, epigallocatechin gallate, green tea polyphenols, Agarose gel, Cross-linked agarose gel
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-14242DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2006.10.001ISI: 000242872700008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-14242DiVA: diva2:42012