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Catalytic One-Pot Production of Small Organics from Polysaccharides
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
2011 (English)In: Synthesis (Stuttgart), ISSN 0039-7881, E-ISSN 1437-210X, no 11, 1649-1677 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The catalytic techniques that degrade polysaccharides such as cellulose and elaborate the resulting monomers into organic feedstocks in situ make up an old area of research that has been reignited of late. One-pot conversions of polysaccharides into small organic molecules under acidic, basic, oxidative, reductive and hydrothermal conditions have been reported, and a remarkable breadth of compounds have been produced. 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), levulinic acid and polyols such as sorbitol have been obtained in particularly high yields, whereas serious selectivity struggles remain in reactions that produce organic acids such as lactic or glycolic acid. This review covers one-pot, catalytic transformations of polysaccharides into small organic molecules and focuses on mechanism, selectivity and optimization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. no 11, 1649-1677 p.
Keyword [en]
catalysis, green chemistry, polysaccharides, renewable feedstocks, cellulose
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154519DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1260008ISI: 000290787100004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154519DiVA: diva2:421100
Available from: 2011-06-07 Created: 2011-06-07 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Organic ChemistryDepartment of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry
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