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Variation in gene content among geographically diverse Sulfolobus isolates
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Molecular Evolution.
2008 (English)In: Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 1462-2912, E-ISSN 1462-2920, Vol. 10, no 1, 137-146 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ability of competitive (i.e., comparative) genomic hybridization (CGH) to assess similarity across entire microbial genomes suggests that it should reveal diversification within and between natural populations of free-living prokaryotes. We used CGH to measure relatedness of genomes drawn from Sulfolobus populations that had been shown in a previous study to be diversified along geographical lines. Eight isolates representing a wide range of spatial separation were compared with respect to gene-specific tags based on a closely related reference strain (Sulfolobus solfataricus P2). For the purpose of assessing genetic divergence, 232 loci identified as polymorphic were assigned one of two alleles based on the corresponding fluorescence intensities from the arrays. Clustering of these binary genotypes was stable with respect to changes in the threshold and similarity criteria, and most of the groupings were consistent with an isolation-by-distance model of diversification. These results indicate that increasing spatial separation of geothermal sites correlates not only with minor sequence polymorphisms in conserved genes of Sulfolobus (demonstrated in the previous study), but also with the regions of difference (RDs) that occur between genomes of conspecifics. In view of the abundance of RDs in prokaryotic genomes and the relevance that some RDs may have for ecological adaptation, the results further suggest that CGH on microarrays may have advantages for investigating patterns of diversification in other free-living archaea and bacteria.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 10, no 1, 137-146 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-14360DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01439.xISI: 000252443000013PubMedID: 17850334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-14360DiVA: diva2:42130
Available from: 2008-01-30 Created: 2008-01-30 Last updated: 2011-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Bernander, Rolf
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Molecular Evolution
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