Post-operative Corticosterone Levels in Plasma and Feces of Mice Subjected to Permanent Catheterization and Automated Blood Sampling
2011 (English)In: In Vivo, ISSN 0258-851X, Vol. 25, no 3, 335-342 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study investigated the effects of surgical placement of permanent arterial catheters on plasma corticosterone levels, fecal corticosterone excretion and body weight in male BALB/c/Sca mice. In addition, the effects of voluntarily ingested buprenorphine in doses of 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg body weight on these parameters were studied. A catheter was placed in the carotid artery during isoflurane anesthesia. Immediately after surgery, the mice were connected to an AccuSampler (R) mu and blood samples for plasma corticosterone quantification were collected automatically during the first 24 h postoperatively. All fecal boli produced 24 h before and 24 h after surgery were collected for fecal corticosterone excretion measures and the pre- and postoperative body weights were registered. Plasma corticosterone levels were in the range of 150-300 ng/ml after the surgical procedure and the body weight was significantly lower 24 h after surgery compared to its pre-operative value. Contrary to what was expected, the total fecal corticosterone excretion was significantly reduced 24 h after surgery. as was the defecation. Buprenorphine treatment significantly lowered the plasma corticosterone levels, but had no effect on fecal corticosterone excretion or body weight change. It was concluded that surgical placement of an arterial catheter induces a significant stress response, as judged by its effect on plasma corticosterone and body weight. Voluntary ingestion of buprenorphine improved postoperative recovery by lowering plasma corticosterone concentrations. Neither fecal corticosterone excretion nor body weight change seems suitable for postoperative stress assessment in mice in the present experimental setup.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 25, no 3, 335-342 p.
Automated blood sampling, surgical stress, corticosterone, mice
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154604ISI: 000290635600005PubMedID: 21576406OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154604DiVA: diva2:421563