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The interaction between volcanoes and strike-slip, transtensional and transpressional fault zones: Analogue models and natural examples
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Solid Earth Geology.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Structural Geology, ISSN 0191-8141, Vol. 33, no 5, 898-906 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Regional strike-slip faulting can control magma movements, deform volcanoes and may destabilise their flanks. The aim of this study is to address this problem by comparing two natural examples, Basse Terre Island volcanoes, Lesser Antilles and Maderas volcano, Nicaragua, with analogue experiments. The field and remote sensing analyses of their structures reveal that Guadeloupe volcanoes, which developed in a 145 degrees-striking sinistral transtensional fault zone, are dominantly fractured in a 090 degrees-120 degrees direction, which is parallel to the maximum principal horizontal stress and to the elongation direction of the summit graben of analogue models. This graben is bordered by the Sigmoid-I fault, or Y shear structure, and has facilitated the formation of the Beaugendre and Vieux-Habitants valleys by faulting, erosion or collapse. This structure has also influenced the injection of dykes and the transport of hydrothermal fluids. The comparison of Maderas volcano with the analogue models confirms that the volcano has developed parallel to a 135 degrees-striking dextral transtensional fault zone and is also gravitationally spreading over a weak substratum. This study illustrates how regional strike-slip faulting and gravitational loading combine to produce a clear set of structures within volcanic edifices, which control the location of intrusive zones, hydrothermal activity and collapse directions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 33, no 5, 898-906 p.
Keyword [en]
Strike-slip faults, Analogue models, Spreading, Volcano, Guadeloupe, Maderas
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Earth Science with specialization in Mineral Chemistry, Petrology and Tectonics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154896DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2011.03.003ISI: 000290828000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154896DiVA: diva2:422587
Available from: 2011-06-13 Created: 2011-06-13 Last updated: 2012-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Troll, Valentin R.
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