Schizophrenic Soothers: The International Community and Contrast Strategies for Peace-making in Sri Lanka
2011 (English)In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 46, no 2, 166-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
How can the international community influence belligerents in internal armed conflict to movetowards peace? Research on influence strategies in international relations commonly stressesthe importance of a combined ‘carrot-and-sticks’ approach, yet little is known about how thismixed strategy is best applied in the context of internal armed conflict. The article addresses thisquestion by developing a theoretical framework exploring the conditions under which the mixedapproach is successful in influencing conflict actors and by focusing specifically on non-state actors.It is argued that the effectiveness of the contrast strategy in dealing with non-state actors dependson the balance between the ‘good cop’ approach and the ‘bad cop’ approach, the perceptions ofthe targets and contextual adoption of the sequencing of strategies. We apply this framework tothe case of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka between 2002 and 2008,when the international community’s initial success later turned into a failed attempt to influencethe LTTE in the direction of respect for human rights, in ending the violation of the ceasefire andin preventing a return to the battlefield.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 46, no 2, 166-184 p.
conflict, mediation tactics, negotiation, Sri Lanka
Research subject Peace and Conflict Research
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154947DOI: 10.1177/0010836711406371ISI: 000294891100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154947DiVA: diva2:422723