Solubilization of Oils or Addition of Monoglycerides Drives the Formation of Wormlike Micelles with an Elliptical Cross-Section in Cholesterol-Based Surfactants: A Study by Rheology, SANS, and Cryo-TEM
2011 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 27, no 12, 7480-7492 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We report the formation of wormlike micelles (WLM) in poly(oxyethylene) cholesteryl ether (ChEO(10)) aqueous solutions by the addition of lipophilic monoglycerides at room temperature (monolaurin (ML), monocaprin (MC), and monocaprylin (MCL)) bearing 12-, 10-, and 8-carbon alkyl chains, respectively. A combination of rheology, small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), and cryo-TEM was used to study their viscoelastic properties and structure. With the successive addition of cosurfactant, a significant increase in viscosity and a clear solidlike behavior is obtained, suggesting the formation of a viscoelastic network of wormlike micelles. Only for MCL is typical Maxwellian behavior obtained. The onset of micellar growth, as detected by the occurrence of solidlike behavior and a significant increase in viscosity, is obtained for 0.30 (1 wt %), 0.34 (1 wt %), and 0.60 (1.5 wt %) cosurfactant/ChEO(10) molar ratios with ML, MC, and MCL, respectively. With ML and MC, extremely long relaxation times (exceeding 20 s) compared to those of MCL are obtained, and zero-shear viscosity values are more than 1 order of magnitude higher than with MCL. These results show that cosurfactants with longer alkyl chain lengths (ML and MC) induce the formation of longer wormlike micelles and do so at lower concentrations. SANS measurements on dilute solutions confirm that the viscoelastic behavior correlates with an increase in contour length and reveals an elliptical cross-section with an axial ratio of around 2. Cryo-TEM images provide visual evidence of the wormlike micelles and confirm the elliptical shape of the cross-section. The addition of small amounts of aliphatic oils (ethyl butyrate, EB, and ethyl caprylate, EC) and cyclic oils (peppermint, PP, and tea tree, TT, oils) to ChEO(10) solutions induces wormlike micelle formation at a lower cosurfactant concentration or even in its absence (for PP, TT, and EC) because of their probable localization in the palisade layer. The viscosity peak and height of the plateau modulus occur at increasing monoglyceride concentration following the order PP ≈ TT > EC > EB > no oil.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 27, no 12, 7480-7492 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-155041DOI: 10.1021/la201026sISI: 000291500700022PubMedID: 21591650OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-155041DiVA: diva2:423443