Scope and Limitations of Baird's Theory on Triplet State Aromaticity: Application to the tuning of singlet-triplet energy gaps in fulvenes
2007 (English)In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 13, no 24, 6998-7005 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Utilizing Baird's theory on triplet state aromaticity, we show that the singlet-triplet energy gaps (ΔEST) of pentafulvenes are easily varied through substitution by as much as 36 kcal mol-1. This exploits the fact that fulvenes act as aromatic chameleons in which the dipoles reverse on going from the singlet ground state (S0) to the lowest ππ* triplet state (T1): thus, their electron distributions are adapted so as to achieve some aromaticity in both states. The results are based on quantum chemical calculations with the OLYP density functional theory method and the CASPT2 ab initio method, as well as spectroscopic determination of ΔEST by triplet sensitization. The findings can also be generalized to fulvenes other than the pentafulvenes, even though the effect is attenuated as the size of the fulvene increases. Our studies thus reveal that triplet-state aromaticity can greatly influence the properties of conjugated compounds in the T1 state.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 13, no 24, 6998-7005 p.
ab initio calculations, aromaticity, density functional calculations, fulvenes, triplet sensitization
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-14691DOI: 10.1002/chem.200700362ISI: 000249039700024PubMedID: 17562534OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-14691DiVA: diva2:42462