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Effective beam directions using radiobiologically optimized IMRT of node positive breast cancer
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Oncology.
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2006 (English)In: Physica medica (Testo stampato), ISSN 1120-1797, E-ISSN 1724-191X, Vol. 22, no 1, 3-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the optimal coplanar beam directions when treating an early breast cancer with locoregional lymphatic spread with a few radiobiologically optimized intensity modulated beams. Also to determine the increase in the probability of complication-free cure with the number of beam portals and the smallest number required to perform a close to optimal treatment for this tumour site. Four test patients with stage II left-sided breast cancer were studied with heart, lung and contralateral breast as principal organs at risk. The clinical target volume consisted of the breast tissue remaining after surgery, the axillary, the internal mammary as well as the supraclavicular lymph nodes. Through an exhaustive search of all possible beam directions the most effective coplanar beams with one to four intensity modulated photon beam portals were investigated. Comparisons with uniform beam treatment techniques and up to 12 intensity modulated beams were also made. The different plans were optimized using the probability of complication-free tumour cure, P+, as biological objective function. When using two intensity modulated beam directions three major sets of suitable directions were identified denoted by A, P and T A corresponds to an anterior oblique pair of beams around 25 degrees and 325 degrees, P is a perpendicular lateral pair at around 50 and 130 whereas T is a more conventional tangential pair at around 155 degrees and 300 degrees. Interestingly, these configurations identify simply three major effective beam directions namely at 30 degrees +/- 20 degrees, 145 degrees +/- 20 degrees and 310 degrees +/- 15 degrees. For the three intensity modulated beam technique a combination of these three effective beam directions generally covered the global maximum of the probability of complication-free tumour control. The improvement in complication-free cure probability with two optimally selected intensity modulated beams is around 10% when compared to a uniform beam technique with three to four beam portals. This increase is mainly due to a reduction by almost 1% in the probability of injury to the heart and an increase of 6% in the probability of local tumour control. When three or four biologically optimized beam portals are used a further increase in the probability of complication-free cure of about 6% can often be obtained. This improvement is caused by a small decrease in the probability of injury to the heart, left lung and other surrounding normal tissue, as well as a slight further increase in the probability of tumour control. The increase in the treatment outcome is minimal when more than four intensity modulated beams are employed. A small increase in dose homogeneity in the target volume and a slight decrease in the normal tissue volume receiving high dose may be seen, but without appreciably improving the complication-free cure probability. For a stage II breast cancer, three and in more complex cases four optimally oriented beams are sufficient to reach close to the maximum probability of complication-free tumour control when biologically optimized intensity modulated dose delivery is used. Angle of incidence optimization may then be advantageous starting from the given most effective three beam directions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 22, no 1, 3-15 p.
Keyword [en]
breast cancer, intensity modulation, biological treatment optimization, angle of incidence optimization
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-155264DOI: 10.1016/S1120-1797(06)80005-0ISI: 000240273600001PubMedID: 17664150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-155264DiVA: diva2:424752
Available from: 2011-06-20 Created: 2011-06-20 Last updated: 2011-06-20Bibliographically approved

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