Entrepreneurs' Self-reported Health, Social Life, and Strategies for Maintaining Good Health
2011 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Health, ISSN 1341-9145, Vol. 53, no 3, 205-213 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: This study investigated the association between self-reported good health and self-valued good social life. An additional aim was to examine entrepreneur's strategies for maintaining good health. Methods: The study design included a two-wave questionnaire, with five years between the surveys (2001 and 2006), and qualitative interviews. The study group consisted of 246 entrepreneurs from the central region of Sweden and represented ten different trades. Entrepreneurs reporting good health in both 2001 and 2006 were compared with entrepreneurs reporting poor health on both occasions or with inconsistent answers. Six of the entrepreneurs were strategically chosen for the interview study. Results: Consistent good health was reported by 56% of the entrepreneurs. Good social life in 2001 was associated with an increased odds ratio (OR) for consistent good health when the analyses were adjusted for physical work conditions and job satisfaction (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.07-4.17). Findings for good leisure time, weekly moderate physical exercise, and a rating of work being less or equally important as other life areas, were similar but not statistically significant when job satisfaction was considered in the analyses. Strategies for maintaining good health included good planning and control over work, flexibility at work, good social contact with family, friends and other entrepreneurs, and regular physical exercise. Conclusion: This study demonstrated an association between self-reported good health and good social life for entrepreneurs in small-scale enterprises. In addition, the entrepreneurs emphasised strategies such as planning and control over work and physical exercise are important for maintaining good health.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 53, no 3, 205-213 p.
Consistent good health, Entrepreneurs, Influence over workload, Small scale enterprises, Social support, Recovery
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-155236DOI: 10.1539/joh.L10017ISI: 000291373900006PubMedID: 21422719OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-155236DiVA: diva2:425372