A pilot study of mechanical chest compressions with the LUCAS (TM) device in cardiopulmonary resuscitation
2011 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 82, no 6, 702-706 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: The LUCASTM device has been shown to improve organ perfusion during cardiac arrest in experimental studies. In this pilot study the aim was to compare short-term survival between cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed with mechanical chest compressions using the LUCASTM device and CPR performed with manual chest compressions. The intention was to use the results for power calculation in a larger randomised multicentre trial. Methods: In a prospective pilot study, from February 1, 2005, to April 1, 2007, 149 patients with out-of hospital cardiac arrest in two Swedish cities were randomised to mechanical chest compressions or standard CPR with manual chest compressions. Results: After exclusion, the LUCAS and the manual groups contained 75 and 73 patients, respectively. In the LUCAS and manual groups, spontaneous circulation with a palpable pulse returned in 30 and 23 patients (p = 0.30), spontaneous circulation with blood pressure above 80/50 mmHg remained for at least 5 min in 23 and 19 patients (p = 0.59), the number of patients hospitalised alive >4 h were 18 and 15 (p = 0.69), and the number discharged, alive 6 and 7 (p = 0.78), respectively. Conclusions: In this pilot study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients we found no difference in early survival between CPR performed with mechanical chest compression with the LUCASTM device and CPR with manual chest compressions. Data have been used for power calculation in a forthcoming multicentre trial.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 82, no 6, 702-706 p.
Cardiac arrest, Active compression-decompression (ACD), Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), Out-of-hospital CPR, Mechanical devices, Survival, Device, LUCAS
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-155215DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.01.032ISI: 000291341500015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-155215DiVA: diva2:425652