Comparison of pulsed dc and rf hollow cathode depositions of Cr and CrN films
2011 (English)In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 205, no 17-18, 4169-4176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A cylindrical chromium hollow cathode powered by a pulsed dc generator working in a constant power mode was used for PVD of chromium and chromium nitride films on silicon substrates in argon and nitrogen plasmas, respectively. A comparison of the pulsed dc process with the radio frequency hollow cathode depositions of Cr and CrN films at identical power levels shows considerable differences particularly in the deposition rate of Cr films. At the pulsed power above 250 W the hot cathode/diffuse arc regimes were reached with the cathode outlet temperature as high as 1300 degrees C and the maximum deposition rates of both Cr and CrN films exceeded 1 mu m/min. The resulting film properties, e.g. the microstructure and morphology were studied and compared with the films obtained by the rf hollow cathode PVD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 205, no 17-18, 4169-4176 p.
Diffuse arc deposition, Pulsed dc hollow cathode, Radio frequency hollow cathode, Chromium nitride (CrN), Chromium (Cr)
Natural Sciences Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-155211DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2011.03.013ISI: 000291295200007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-155211DiVA: diva2:425788