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Synthesis and characterization of cellulose-silica composite fiber in ethanol/water mixed solvents
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
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2011 (English)In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 6, no 2, 1186-1195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellulose-silica composite fiber samples have been successfully synthesized using cellulose solution, tetraethoxysilane, and NH3 center dot H2O in ethanol/water mixed solvents at room temperature for 24 h. The cellulose solution was previously prepared by the dissolution of microcrystalline cellulose in a solvent mixture of N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc)/lithium chloride (LiCl). The effect of the tetraethoxysilane concentration on the product was investigated. The products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), differential scanning calorimetric analysis (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDS), and cross polarization magic angle spinning (CP/MAS) solid state C-13-NMR. The morphology of the cellulose-silica composite fiber was investigated by SEM, while their composition was established from EDS measurements combined with the results of FT-IR spectral analysis and XRD patterns. The XRD, FT-IR and EDS results indicated that the obtained product was cellulose-silica composite fiber. The SEM micrographs showed that the silica particles were homogeneously dispersed in the cellulose fiber. The CP/MAS solid state C-13-NMR results indicated that the silica concentration had an influence on the crystallinity of the cellulose. This method is simple for preparation of cellulose-based composites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 6, no 2, 1186-1195 p.
Keyword [en]
Cellulose, Silica, Composite, Fiber, Microstructure
National Category
Natural Sciences Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-155604ISI: 000291559600022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-155604DiVA: diva2:426841
Available from: 2011-06-27 Created: 2011-06-27 Last updated: 2011-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Zhu, Jie-Fang

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