Evaluation of seasonal and spatial variations of lumped water balance model sensitivity to precipitation data errors
2006 (English)In: Journal of Hydrology, ISSN 0022-1694, E-ISSN 1879-2707, Vol. 324, no 1-4, 80-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sensitivity of hydrological models to input data errors have been reported in the literature for particular models on a single or a few catchments. A more important issue, i.e. how model's response to input data error changes as the catchment conditions change has not been addressed previously. This study investigates the seasonal and spatial effects of precipitation data errors on the performance of conceptual hydrological models. For this study, a monthly conceptual water balance model, NOPEX-6, was applied to 26 catchments in the Mälaren basin in Central Sweden. Both systematic and random errors were considered. For the systematic errors, 5–15% of mean monthly precipitation values were added to the original precipitation to form the corrupted input scenarios. Random values were generated by Monte Carlo simulation and were assumed to be (1) independent between months, and (2) distributed according to a Gaussian law of zero mean and constant standard deviation that were taken as 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25% of the mean monthly standard deviation of precipitation. The results show that the response of the model parameters and model performance depends, among others, on the type of the error, the magnitude of the error, physical characteristics of the catchment, and the season of the year. In particular, the model appears less sensitive to the random error than to the systematic error. The catchments with smaller values of runoff coefficients were more influenced by input data errors than were the catchments with higher values. Dry months were more sensitive to precipitation errors than were wet months. Recalibration of the model with erroneous data compensated in part for the data errors by altering the model parameters.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 324, no 1-4, 80-93 p.
Lumped water model; Sensitivity; Data errors; Systematic; Random
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-14947DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.09.019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-14947DiVA: diva2:42718