Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the technical success and long-term patency of the endovascular treatment of TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) C and D aorto-iliac arterial lesions. Methods: All studies reporting original series of patients published in English between 2000 and 2010 were enrolled into meta-analysis. Separate meta-analyses were performed for groups with immediate technical success, 12-month patency, and long-term outcomes. Subgroup analyses were performed to determine if there were differences in outcomes between patients with varying types of lesions (TASC C or D lesions) or between different stenting strategies, including primary or selective stenting. Results: Sixteen articles consisting of 958 patients were enrolled in this meta-analysis. The pooled estimate for technical success was 92.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 89.8%-95.0%, 749 cases). Primary patency at 12 months was 88.7% (95% CI, 85.9%-91.0%, 787 cases). Subgroup analyses demonstrated a technical success rate of 93.7% (95% CI, 88.9%-96.5%) and a 12-month primary patency rate of 89.6% (95% CI, 84.8%-93.0%) for TASC C lesions. For TASC D lesions, these rates were 90.1% (95% CI, 76.6%-96.2%) and 87.3% (95% CI, 82.5%-90.9%), respectively. The technical success and 12-month primary patency rates for primary stenting were 94.2% (95% CI, 91.8%-95.9%) and 92.1% (95% CI, 89.0%-94.3%), respectively; for selective stenting, these rates were 88.0% (95% CI, 67.9%-96.2%) and 82.9% (95% CI, 72.2%-90.0%), respectively. The long-term, primary patency rates for patients receiving primary stenting were significantly better than those receiving selective stenting. Publication bias was not significant for these analyses. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that early and midterm outcomes of endovascular treatment for TASC C and D aorto-iliac lesions were acceptable, with a better patency for primary stenting than selective stenting.
2011. Vol. 53, no 6, 1728-1737 p.