uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Systematics, ecology, pharmacognosy, vitamin content and cultivation of Choiromyces in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolution, Genomics and Systematics, Systematic Botany.
Uppsala University, Music and Museums, Museum of Evolution. botaniska sektionen. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolution, Genomics and Systematics, Systematic Botany.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy.
2007 (English)In: The fifth international workshop of edible mycorrhizal mushrooms, 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In spite of a world market for mushrooms estimated at 5 million tonnes, and in spite of fungi being six times richer in species than plants, and in spite of the demand for functional foods, research on edible and medicinal mushrooms has been neglected in Sweden. Our Tuber aestivum (syn. T. uncinatum) truffle project on the Swedish island of Gotland has been scientifically and economically a success. Since landowners familiar with Choiromyces truffles in Sweden have urged for research, we intend to illuminate the following questions: Are there one or several species in Europe? What are the preferred mycorrhizal hosts, soils and climate? Can mycelium be cultivated in large scale? Is it possible to synthesise mycorrhiza and to establish truffle orchards? Does the Swedish Choiromyces contain any toxic or anti-inflammatory substances? Could Choiromyces be an important source of vitamins?

From 2006 we have confirmed three new localities for Choiromyces venosus in Sweden, using a trained truffle dog to find the mature fruit bodies. By using the dog, completely hypogeous, mature fruit bodies were found in contrast to the former observations that mature fruit bodies always protrude up through the soil surface. We have pure cultures of C. venosus growing on modified Fries media, confirmed by PCR.

This project combines basic and applied research with the aim to create a new cash crop and new products of benefit to rural economy and Swedish industry. The project also addresses important questions about the taxonomy and biology of a mushroom genus. A successful project may generate new plantations on the Swedish main land of benefit to rural economy and biodiversity, new export products similar to the Gotland project mentioned above and more research devoted at edible and medicinal mushrooms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007.
Keyword [en]
Choiromyces venosus, truffle, kaiserpilze, stjärnhovstryffel, Tuber
National Category
Biological Systematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-15012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-15012DiVA: diva2:42783
Conference
The fifth international workshop of edible mycorrhizal mushrooms Chuxiong, Yunnan,China, August 26-27, 2007
Available from: 2008-02-01 Created: 2008-02-01 Last updated: 2012-05-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Backlund, Anders

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Backlund, Anders
By organisation
Systematic BotanyMuseum of EvolutionDivision of Pharmacognosy
Biological Systematics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 553 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf