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CPA - New Sudan, Old Sudan or Two Sudan?: A review of the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1282-9823
2007 (English)In: Journal of African Policy Studies, Vol. 13, no 1, 16-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

On 9 January 2005 the Sudan’s People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan (GoS) signed a peace agreement called the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended a conflict that had been going on since 1983 and resulted in at least 54 000 battle-related deaths. In total it is estimated that two million people have died during the war as a result of violence, famine and disease. This was the final outcome of the so called Machakos peace process which began in July 2002. Overall the implementation is lacking in momentum. Some encouraging signs could be seen: a ceasefire that has held with just one exception; the return of hundreds of thousands of refugees and Internally Displaced Person’s (IDP’s) to the South; and an extensive redeployment of troops. However, other parts of the agreement have not been implemented: there is still no consensus on the contentious region of Abyei; several stipulated commissions have not yet been launched and others are not working properly. The overall impression of the implementation process is negative and the foremost reason for this is the GoS’s lack of will and SPLM’s lack of capacity to properly implement the CPA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 13, no 1, 16-41 p.
Keyword [en]
Sudan, CPA, SPLM/A, Implementation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-15118OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-15118DiVA: diva2:42889
Available from: 2008-02-05 Created: 2008-02-05 Last updated: 2017-10-18

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