Testosterone-induced growth of S115 mouse mammary tumor cells is dependent on heparan sulfate
2001 (English)In: Experimental Cell Research, ISSN 0014-4827, E-ISSN 1090-2422, Vol. 264, no 2, 307-314 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The androgen-induced proliferation of S115 mouse mammary tumor cells has been suggested to involve autocrinic fibroblast growth factor signaling. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are required for fibroblast growth factor signaling, presumably due to their ability to alter binding of fibroblast growth factors to their receptors. We have investigated the role of heparan sulfate proteoglycans in the testosterone-induced proliferation of S115 cells. We demonstrate that when the cells are treated with sodium chlorate, which inhibits the sulfation of endogenous heparan sulfate proteoglycans, cell growth becomes dependent on exogenous heparin. The shortest heparin oligosaccharides supporting cell growth were octasaccharides, whereas dodecasaccharides were almost as effective as native heparin. The N-, 2-O-, and 6-O-sulfate groups of heparin were all required for full testosterone response. Treatment of S115 cells with chlorate or testosterone did not alter the expression of fibroblast growth factor receptors 1 or 3, whereas the expression of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 was down-regulated. We have previously shown that overexpression of syndecan-1 heparan sulfate proteoglycan renders S115 cells insensitive to testosterone and now demonstrate that this effect can be overcome by sodium chlorate treatment in combination with exogenous heparin. Our results suggest that heparin-like molecules are intimately involved in the androgen-mediated proliferation of S115 cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 264, no 2, 307-314 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-155967DOI: 10.1006/excr.2000.5126PubMedID: 11262187OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-155967DiVA: diva2:429514