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Hjärnstamsimplantat kan återge hörsel. Behandling av dövhet vid dubbelsidiga akustikusneurinom: Brain stem implant can restore hearing. Treatment of deafness in bilateral acoustic neuroma
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences. (Earn-Nose-Throat)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
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2007 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 104, no 47, 3553-3556 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Auditory brain stem implant (ABI) is a method to restore some hearing in patients with bilateral acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma) or neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF 2). The ABI device may re-establish some hearing improving patient lip reading, awareness of sound and facilitate speech production after onset of total deafness. Today ABI is an established technique for treatment of deafness in patients with NF 2, with a low complication rate. New indications are inner ear malformations with lacking auditory nerve and severe calcification of the cochlea in children. Additional improvements in technical design and more knowledge about the microanatomy and function of the central auditory pathways, including the cochlear nucleus, will most likely lead to still better results in the near future.

Abstract [sv]

Neurofibromatos typ 2 (NF 2) är en sjukdom som i de flesta fall, förr eller senare, leder till total dövhet.

Behandling med hjärnstamsimplantat är ett sätt att återställa viss hörsel hos många patienter med denna sjukdom.

Med hjärnstamsimplantat omformas ljud till elektriska signaler som stimulerar hörselkärnan direkt i hjärnstammen.

Med hjärnstamsimplantat kan patienten uppfatta omgivningsljud, få förbättrad läppavläsning och därmed lättare vidmakthålla röstläge, betoning och artikulation när den egna rösten inte kan förnimmas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 104, no 47, 3553-3556 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-15363PubMedID: 18203590OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-15363DiVA: diva2:43134
Available from: 2008-02-20 Created: 2008-02-20 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Nyberg, GunnarKinnefors, AndersGudjonsson, OlafurRask-Andersen, Helge

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