Comparison of hydrological impacts of climate change simulated by six hydrological models in the Dongjiang Basin, South China
2007 (English)In: Journal of Hydrology, ISSN 0022-1694, E-ISSN 1879-2707, Vol. 336, no 3-4, 316-333 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Large differences in future climatic scenarios found when different global circulation models (GCMs) are employed have been extensively discussed in the scientific literature. However, differences in hydrological responses to the climatic scenarios resulting from the use of different hydrological models have received much less attention. Therefore, comparing and quantifying such differences are of particular importance for the water resources management of a catchment, a region, a continent, or even the globe. This study investigates potential impacts of human-induced climate change on the water availability in the Dongjiang basin, South China, using six monthly water balance models, namely the Thornthwaite–Mather (TM), Vrije Universitet Brussel (VUB), Xinanjiang (XAJ), Guo (GM), WatBal (WM), and Schaake (SM) models. The study utilizes 29-year long records of monthly streamflow and climate in the Dongjiang basin. The capability of the six models in simulating the present climate water balance components is first evaluated and the results of the models in simulating the impact of the postulated climate change are then analyzed and compared. The results of analysis reveal that (1) all six conceptual models have similar capabilities in reproducing historical water balance components; (2) greater differences in the model results occur when the models are used to simulate the hydrological impact of the postulated climate changes; and (3) a model without a threshold in soil moisture simulation results in greater changes in model-predicted soil moisture with respect to alternative climates than the models with a threshold soil moisture. The study provides insights into the plausible changes in basin hydrology due to climate change, that is, it shows that there can be significant implications for the investigation of response strategies for water supply and flood control due to climate change.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 336, no 3-4, 316-333 p.
Climate change, Water balance models, Model comparison, Hydrological impacts
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-15376DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.01.010ISI: 000245656800007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-15376DiVA: diva2:43147