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Endothelin-1 Markedly Decreases the Blood Perfusion of Transplanted Pancreatic Islets in Rats
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
2011 (English)In: Transplantation Proceedings, ISSN 0041-1345, E-ISSN 1873-2623, Vol. 43, no 5, 1815-1820 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Transplantation of insulin-producing beta-cells is the only available curative treatment for type 1 diabetes. However, graft function declines within the first years after transplantation, which may reflect inadequate vascular engraftment. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor whose production is regulated by both hypoxia and inflammation. Moreover, the plasma concentration of ET-1 is elevated in patients with type 1 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the gene expression and effects of ET-1 and its 2 receptor antagonists, BQ123 and BQ788, on blood flow in syngeneic rat islet transplants.

Methods. Pancreatic islets from Wistar Furth rats were isolated and transplanted syngeneically under the kidney capsule. Transplant and kidney cortex blood flow was measured using laser Doppler flowmetry after administration of ET-1 via topical application, or after administration of BQ123 and BQ788 intravenously. The grafts and isolated islets were analyzed for mRNA expression of ET-1, ETA receptor, ETB receptor, and endothelin-converting enzyme 1 using by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction.

Results. ET-1 markedly decreased transplant blood flow (77.5 +/- 4.4% 1 minute after administration; n = 6), whereas neither BQ123 nor BQ788 had vascular effects. No differences in relative gene expression between the grafts and freshly isolated control islets were seen for ET-1 (0.65 +/- 0.14 [n = 8] vs 0.79 +/- 0.24 [n = 5]), ETA receptor (0.37 +/- 0.14 [n = 8] vs 0.25 +/- 0.04 [n =5]), ETB receptor (4.78 +/- 1.43 [n = 8] vs 1.94 +/- 0.32 [n = 5]), or endothelin converting enzyme 1 (7.25 +/- 1.88 [n = 8] vs 11.83 +/- 0.95 [n = 5]) when expressed as 2-ct.

Conclusion. Exogenous ET-1 strongly affects the blood perfusion of transplanted islets, and endogenous levels can, if up-regulated, contribute to graft failure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 43, no 5, 1815-1820 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156216DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.01.172ISI: 000292279800081OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-156216DiVA: diva2:431498
Available from: 2011-07-20 Created: 2011-07-18 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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