Development of social perception: A conversation study of 6-, 12-and 36-month-old children
2011 (English)In: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1934-8800, Vol. 34, no 2, 363-370 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A conversation is made up of visual and auditory signals in a complex flow of events. What is the relative importance of these components for young children's ability to maintain attention on a conversation? In the present set of experiments the visual and auditory signals were disentangled in four filmed events. The visual events were either accompanied by the speech sounds of the conversation or by matched motor sounds and the auditory events by either the natural visual turn taking of the conversation or a matched turn taking of toy trucks. A cornea-reflection technique was used to record the gaze-pattern of subjects while they were looking at the films. Three age groups of typically developing children were studied; 6-month-olds, 1-year-olds and 3-year-olds. The results show that the children are more attracted by the social component of the conversation independent of the kind of sound used. Older children find spoken language more interesting than motor sound. Children look longer at the speaking agent when humans maintain the conversation. The study revealed that children are more attracted to the mouth than to the eyes area. The ability to make more predictive gaze shifts develops gradually over age.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 34, no 2, 363-370 p.
Social perception, Infant, Eye-tracking, Conversation, Gaze shift, Predictive abilities
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156491DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2011.03.001ISI: 000292428900017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-156491DiVA: diva2:431787