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Violation of Hund's third rule in structurally disordered ferromagnets
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
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2011 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 84, no 2, 024411- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Violation of Hund's third rule caused by structural disorder is observed for the induced magnetic moment of Zr, using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. The induced spin and orbital magnetic moments are antiparallel in the crystalline state, but parallel in an amorphous state of the investigated Co- and Fe-based materials. First-principles calculations are used to provide physical insight into the dependency of the spin-orbit coupling on the interatomic distance and coordination number.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 84, no 2, 024411- p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156625DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.024411ISI: 000292510800008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-156625DiVA: diva2:432780
Available from: 2011-08-06 Created: 2011-08-04 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Uncovering Magnetic Order in Nanostructured Disordered Materials: A Study of Amorphous Magnetic Layered Structures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Uncovering Magnetic Order in Nanostructured Disordered Materials: A Study of Amorphous Magnetic Layered Structures
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The scope of this thesis is the study of the interplay between structure and magnetism in amorphous materials. The investigations focus on the growth of amorphous layers and the study of the influence of structural disorder and reduced physical extension on the magnetic properties of thin films and multilayers. The examined magnetic materials are FeZr alloys, as well as other amorphous transition metal alloys such as CoZr and FeCoZr.

Thin films and multilayers of the studied materials were deposited using magnetron sputtering in ultra-high vacuum conditions. Their amorphous structure and layering quality was investigated using X-ray scattering techniques and in several cases with transmission electron microscopy. The chemical composition of the alloys was determined with Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry. The magnetic properties were investigated using the magneto-optic Kerr effect and SQUID magnetometry, as well as polarized neutron reflectometry and X-ray magnetic circular dicroism measurements.

For FeZr alloys deposited as multilayers with Al2O3 as spacer layer, it was found that Fe-rich nanocrystallites, formed at the metal/oxide interfaces, exert large influence on the magnetic properties. The use of AlZr alloys as buffer layers promotes the growth of highly amorphous FeZr layers. FeZr/AlZr multilayers with good layering quality can also be obtained. The influence of the reduced layer thickness on the magnetic moment, Curie temperature and magnetic dimensionality of the magnetic layers is addressed for FeZr/AlZr multilayers. Thin FeZr layers in these structures are found to belong to the 2D XY dimensionality class. The change of the magnetic moment and Curie temperature with reduced FeZr layer thickness is quantified.

In addition, the induced magnetic moment in the alloy element Zr was investigated in FeZr and CoZr alloy films. The possibility to imprint a preferred magnetization direction during thin film preparation was demonstrated for FeCoZr layers. Lastly, AlZr alloy films were studied with respect to their oxidation stability at room and elevated temperatures, aiming towards development of materials with passivating properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet, 2011. 124 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 865
Keyword
Amorphous Materials, Magnetism, Amorphous Magnetism, Magnetic Measurements, Thin Films, Multilayers, Thin Film Deposition, Sputtering, FeZr Alloys, AlZr Alloys, X-ray Diffraction, Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159913 (URN)978-91-554-8181-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-11-24, Polhelmsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-11-03 Created: 2011-10-11 Last updated: 2012-02-23Bibliographically approved

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Kapaklis, VassiliosKorelis, Panagiotis T.Hjörvarsson, Björgvin

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