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Protective effect of edaravone against endolymphatic hydrops
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences. (Ear-Nose-Throat)
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2007 (English)In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, ISSN 0001-6489, E-ISSN 1651-2251, Vol. 127, no 11, 1124-1131 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that edaravone prevented the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Edaravone also delayed the formation of endolymphatic hydrops in guinea pigs, but had no effect on endolymphatic hydrops. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the protective effect of a free radical scavenger, edaravone, on endolymphatic hydrops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Guinea pigs were subjected to surgical obliteration of the endolymphatic duct (ED). For the detection of ROS, group 1 received intraperitoneal injections of edaravone (3 mg/kg/day) for 2 days, group 2 received edaravone for 2 weeks, group 3 saline for 2 days, and group 4 saline for 2 weeks. ROS production by the organ of Corti and stria vascularis was examined by using dihydrotetramethylrosamine. For the morphological analysis, guinea pigs were divided into five groups, i.e. 2 or 4 weeks after ED obliteration, 2 weeks with edaravone, first or last 2 weeks with edaravone and sacrificed 4 weeks after ED obliteration. Increases in the ratios of the cross-sectional area of scala media were analysed quantitatively to assess the degree of endolymphatic hydrops among the above-mentioned five groups of the hydropic cochlea. RESULTS: ROS was detected both in the organ of Corti and in the lateral wall of cochleae 2 days after ED obliteration. Edaravone prevented the production of ROS and also attenuated the formation of endolymphatic hydrops in the acute hydrops group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 127, no 11, 1124-1131 p.
Keyword [en]
Edaravone, Endolymphatic hydrops, Hydroxyl radical scavenger, Reactive oxygen species
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Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-15558DOI: 10.1080/00016480601001965ISI: 000251082900001PubMedID: 17851919OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-15558DiVA: diva2:43329
Available from: 2008-02-20 Created: 2008-02-20 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Anniko, Matti

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