On the influence from micro topography of PVD coatings on friction behaviour, material transfer and tribofilm formation
2011 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 271, no 9-10, 204-2057 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PVD coatings based on amorphous carbon with metal-carbides are currently gaining a high interest for use on machine elements due to their potential to give low friction and low wear of the counter surface. However, the performance varies significantly between the various types of such coatings and the causes of this are not clear. One factor is the micro topography of the coating surface. This topography may influence the friction in many ways; by changing the state of lubrication, by causing scratching of the counter surface, by modifying the topography of the counter surface the material transfer, the tribofilm formation, etc.
TaC/a-C coatings, produced by co-sputtering of carbon and tantalum in an argon atmosphere, were deposited on high speed steel substrates exposed to varying degrees of etching to produce a range of surface roughnesses. Ball-on-disc experiments were used to evaluate the tribological properties of the coatings in dry condition against a ball bearing steel ball. The surfaces were analysed using various advanced techniques, including, SEM, XPS, Raman, EDS and AFM, all both prior to and after the testing.
It was shown that the resulting surface topography of the coating is affected even by very small protrusions on the substrate. The coefficient of friction decreased during use to a stable level, due to a complex process including tribofilm build-up on the sliding ball. Surfaces with lower protrusions exhibited a faster friction decrease, i.e. a faster running in.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 271, no 9-10, 204-2057 p.
PVD coating, Wear, Tribofilm, Topography, TaC/a-C
Materials Engineering Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Tribo Materials; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156788DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2010.12.036ISI: 000294590200106OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-156788DiVA: diva2:433291