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Closure of the Open Abdomen
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery.
2011 (English)In: The American surgeon, ISSN 0003-1348, Vol. 77, no 7, S58-S61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The open abdomen is a valuable tool in the management of patients with intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome. The longer an abdomen is left open, the greater the potential morbidity, however. From the very start, specific measures should be considered to increase the likelihood of definitive closure and prevent the development of visceral adhesions, lateralization, and/or loss of skin and fascia, ileus, fistulae, and malnutrition. Early definitive closure of all abdominal wall layers is the short-term goal of management once the need for the open abdomen has resolved. Several devices and strategies improve the chances for definitive closure. If a frozen abdomen develops, split-thickness skin grafting of a granulating open abdominal wound base is an alternative. Early coverage of the exposed viscera and acceptance of a large abdominal hernia permit earlier reversal of the catabolic state and lower the risk of fistula formation. When a stoma is required, sealing and separation can become problematic. If a fistula develops, a more complex situation prevails, requiring specific techniques to isolate its output and a longer-term strategy to restore intestinal continuity. Planning the closure of an open abdomen is a process that starts on the first day that the abdomen is opened. Multiple factors need to be addressed, optimized, and controlled to achieve the best outcome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 77, no 7, S58-S61 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156666ISI: 000292435800011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-156666DiVA: diva2:433399
Available from: 2011-08-09 Created: 2011-08-07 Last updated: 2012-01-04Bibliographically approved

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Björck, Martin
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