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Study on doubly fed flywheel machine based driveline withan AC/DC/AC converter
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity. (Energy Storage)
Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
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2012 (English)In: IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, ISSN print 2042-9738; online 2042-9746, Vol. 2, no 2, 51-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The combination of a flywheel device with a battery source has several advantages, such as high-peak power capacity, high energy density and reduction in the number of charging/discharging cycles in the battery. The flywheel system investigated here uses a double-wound flywheel motor/generator to divide the system into two different voltage/power levels. An AC/DC/AC converter is used to connect the high-power windings of the flywheel machine to the traction motor. The control strategy of the AC/DC/AC converter is discussed. The simulations of the complete system are carried out using Simulink and are compared with the experimental results, obtained from a scaled experimental test set-up. Simulations and experimental results show good agreement, where the designed controllers have managed to keep the different controlled signals almost equal to their reference values. Unity power factor and low distortion has been obtained in the flywheel voltage and current. The average efficiency of the driveline during a simple drive cycle has been obtained, being approximately 87%. A theoretical calculation, based on the real parameters of the system, was made, and it showed good agreement with the simulation and experimental results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 2, no 2, 51-57 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157061DOI: 10.1049/iet-est.2011.0040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-157061DiVA: diva2:434387
Available from: 2011-08-15 Created: 2011-08-15 Last updated: 2013-03-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Power Control Systems in a Flywheel based All-Electric Driveline
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Power Control Systems in a Flywheel based All-Electric Driveline
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Flywheel systems are attractive in hybrid and electric vehicles due to their ability to handle power during acceleration and braking. The combination of a flywheel device with a battery source has several advantages such as high peak power capacity, high energy density and reduction in the number of charge/discharge cycles of the battery.

A flywheel based all-electric driveline is investigated in this thesis. The novelty of the system consists in the use of a double wound flywheel machine, which divides the system in two different power levels. Due to this configuration, the system becomes efficient and can handle the power developed during fast dynamical processes.

The complete driveline consists of three main components: the battery, the flywheel machine and the wheel motor. The High-Power (HP) side of the driveline connects the flywheel machine to the wheel motor, whereas the Low-Power (LP) side connects the flywheel machine to the battery. The connections of different components of the system are made electrically through power converter devices.

The present thesis focuses on the electrical converters and control strategies used in the flywheel based all-electric driveline. The control of power converters is responsible for the logic and functionality of the driveline, being a challenging step within this project.

Different power converter topologies have been investigated: a DC/DC plus a DC/AC converter on the LP side, and an AC/DC/AC converter on the HP side. The design and assembly of the power electronics and their control scheme have been successfully implemented. Different control strategies have been suggested and a complete scaled driveline has been assembled and tested based on previous simulation results.

Results have confirmed the functionality of the driveline, where smoothed output power has been obtained from the battery, whereas the flywheel handles power transients on the traction side. An average efficiency of about 87% (battery to wheels) has been obtained. The power converter systems have been shown to be efficient and robust, with control strategies able to handle the peak energy flow in the system. A regenerative braking strategy has been simulated and a wheel-to-wheel efficiency of about 80% has been estimated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2011. 102 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 844
Keyword
Flywheels, batteries, electric vehicles, control systems, power electronics, electric machines, efficiency.
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157074 (URN)978-91-554-8133-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-30, Polhemsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-08-15 Last updated: 2011-11-03Bibliographically approved

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Goncalves de Oliveira, JanainaBernhoff, Hans

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