Regularized image denoising based on spectral gradient optimization
2011 (English)In: Inverse Problems, ISSN 0266-5611, E-ISSN 1361-6420, Vol. 27, no 8, 085010:1-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Image restoration methods, such as denoising, deblurring, inpainting, etc, are often based on the minimization of an appropriately defined energy function. We consider energy functions for image denoising which combine a quadratic data-fidelity term and a regularization term, where the properties of the latter are determined by a used potential function. Many potential functions are suggested for different purposes in the literature. We compare the denoising performance achieved by ten different potential functions. Several methods for efficient minimization of regularized energy functions exist. Most are only applicable to particular choices of potential functions, however. To enable a comparison of all the observed potential functions, we propose to minimize the objective function using a spectral gradient approach; spectral gradient methods put very weak restrictions on the used potential function. We present and evaluate the performance of one spectral conjugate gradient and one cyclic spectral gradient algorithm, and conclude from experiments that both are well suited for the task. We compare the performance with three total variation-based state-of-the-art methods for image denoising. From the empirical evaluation, we conclude that denoising using the Huber potential (for images degraded by higher levels of noise; signal-to-noise ratio below 10 dB) and the Geman and McClure potential (for less noisy images), in combination with the spectral conjugate gradient minimization algorithm, shows the overall best performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 27, no 8, 085010:1-17 p.
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157026DOI: 10.1088/0266-5611/27/8/085010ISI: 000293171300012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-157026DiVA: diva2:434664