Combined effects of interspecific competition and hybridization impede local coexistence of Ficedula flycatchers
2012 (English)In: Evolutionary Ecology, ISSN 0269-7653, E-ISSN 1573-8477, Vol. 26, no 4, 927-942 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
At secondary contact closely related species may both compete over similar resources and/or hybridize. Simulation models suggest that hybridization increases the risk of extinction beyond the risk resulting from interspecific competition alone, but such combined effects are rarely studied empirically. Here, we use detailed records on pairing patterns, breeding success, local recruitment and immigration collected during 8 years (2002-2009) to investigate the underlying mechanism of the rapid displacement of pied flycatchers by collared flycatchers on the Swedish island of A-land. We found no differences in average reproductive success or reproductive lifespan between the two species. However, we show that young male pied flycatchers failed to establish new territories as the density of male collared flycatchers increased. In addition, as the relative frequency of collared flycatchers increased, the risk of hybridization dramatically increased for female pied flycatchers, which speeds up the exclusion process since there is a high fitness cost associated with hybridization between the two species. In a nearby control area, within the same island, where pied flycatchers breed in the absence of collared flycatchers, no decline in the number of breeding pairs was observed during the same period of time. Our results demonstrate the crucial importance of studying the combined effects of various types of heterospecific interactions to understand and predict the ecological and evolutionary implications of secondary contact between congeneric species. These findings are particularly interesting in the light of recent climate change since the expected range shifts of many taxa will increase competitive and sexual interactions between previously separated species.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 26, no 4, 927-942 p.
Competition, Coexistence, Extinction, Hybridization, Reproductive interference
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157138DOI: 10.1007/s10682-011-9536-0ISI: 000305218900011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-157138DiVA: diva2:435121