Anti-Invar properties and magnetic order in fcc Fe-Ni-C alloy
2011 (English)In: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, ISSN 0304-8853, Vol. 323, no 22, 2786-2791 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Anti-Invar effect was revealed in the fcc Fe-25.3%Ni-0.73%C (wt%) alloy, which demonstrates high values of thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) (15-21) x 10(-6) K(-1) accompanied by almost temperature-insensitive behavior in temperature range of 122-525 K. Alloying with carbon considerably expanded the low temperature range of anti-Invar behavior in fcc Fe-Ni-based alloy. The Curie temperature of the alloy T(C) = 195 K was determined on measurements of temperature dependences of magnetic susceptibility and saturation magnetization. The Mossbauer and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments on the fcc Fe-25.3%Ni-(0.73-0.78)%C alloys with the varying temperatures below and above the Curie point and in external magnetic field of 1.5-5 T were conducted. Low value of the Debye temperature Theta(D) = 180 K was estimated using the temperature dependence of the integral intensity of Mossbauer spectra for specified temperature range. The inequality B(eff) = (0.7-0.9)B(ext) was obtained in external field Mossbauer measurement that points to antiferromagnetically coupled Fe atoms, which have a tendency to align their spins perpendicular to B(ext). Nano length scale magnetic in homogeneities nearby and far above T(C) were revealed, which assumed that it is caused by mixed antiferromagnetically and ferromagnetically coupled Fe atom spins. The anti-Invar behavior of Fe-Ni-C alloy is explained in terms of evolution of magnetic order with changing temperature resulting from thermally varied interspin interaction and decreasing stiffness of interatomic bond.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 323, no 22, 2786-2791 p.
Fe-Ni-C anti-Invar, Thermal expansion, Mossbauer effect, SANS
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156924DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2011.05.053ISI: 000292912900012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-156924DiVA: diva2:435867