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First detection of linear polarization in the line profiles of active cool stars
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
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2011 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, ISSN 2041-8205, Vol. 732, no 2, L19- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The application of high-resolution spectropolarimetry has led to major progress in understanding the magnetism and activity of late-type stars. During the last decade, magnetic fields have been discovered and mapped for many types of active cool stars using spectropolarimetric data. However, these observations and modeling attempts are fundamentally incomplete since they are based on the interpretation of the circular polarization alone. Taking advantage of the newly built HARPS polarimeter, we have obtained the first systematic observations of several cool active stars in all four Stokes parameters. Here we report the detection of magnetically induced linear polarization for the primary component of the very active RS CVn binary HR 1099 and for the moderately active K dwarf epsilon Eri. For both stars the amplitude of linear polarization signatures is measured to be similar to 10(-4) of the unpolarized continuum, which is approximately a factor of 10 lower than for circular polarization. This is the first detection of the linear polarization in line profiles of cool active stars. Our observations of the inactive solar-like star alpha Cen A show neither circular nor linear polarization above the level of similar to 10(-5), indicating the absence of a net longitudinal magnetic field stronger than 0.2 G.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 732, no 2, L19- p.
Keyword [en]
polarization, stars, activity, HR 1099, epsilon Eri, alpha Cen A, late-type, magnetic field
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157271DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/732/2/L19ISI: 000293133200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-157271DiVA: diva2:435938
Available from: 2011-08-22 Created: 2011-08-22 Last updated: 2012-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Kochukhov, OlegMakaganiuk, VitaliiPiskunov, Nikolai

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