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De fornnordiska mansnamnen Morði, Marði och Morðr
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
2007 (Swedish)In: Studia anthroponymica Scandinavica, ISSN 0280-8633 , Vol. 25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with the Old Scandinavian men’s names OWScand. Morðr, ODa. Marth, OSw. Mardh, RunSw. morþa and OGutn. [marþa] (used as a principal name or byname). All but the last of these names have previously been interpreted as formed from the appellative OScand. morðr m. ’marten’. The author suggests that all the names apart from morþa can be linked to that word in the sense of ’marten skin, fur from marten skins’ or ’beech marten’, and possibly also to OScand. *morðr m. ’rocky ground’, ’forest’ etc. or to OIcel. morðr ’ram’, known only from thulas and of unclear etymology. It is noted that *morðr, which is known only as a place-name element, has not been sufficiently well investigated semantically and in terms of its chronological and regional representation to draw any definite conclusions about its possible links with Old Scandinavian personal names. The name morþa (acc.), unlike the other names, is interpreted as a formation Morði, from OScand. *morð neut. ’something crushed, chaff, rubbish, mess’; an alternative interpretation based on an OScand. adj. *mørð- ’endowed with fat’ is also discussed, but regarded as less likely.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 25
Keyword [en]
Old Scandinavian, men's names, place-names, etymology, comparative linguistics, name formation, word formation, historical phonology, morphology, semantics
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-15842OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-15842DiVA: diva2:43613
Available from: 2008-03-08 Created: 2008-03-08Bibliographically approved

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