Job burnout and job wornout as risk factors for long-term sickness absence
2011 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 38, no 2, 181-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: Contingent self-esteem has been assumed to be a risk for burnout-related disorders, and a contingent self-worth notion of job burnout was applied to study the prospective relationship between job burnout and registered episodes of sickness absence of >= 60 consecutive days. Methods: Job burnout was defined as being in the high quartiles on the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS) scales of exhaustion and cynicism and, in addition, as being above the median on a scale for performance-based self-esteem. Another high exhaustion-cynicism group, a "job wornout" group, was defined as being high on the same MBI-GS scales but having performance-based self-esteem scores below the median. Data were analyzed by a multivariate, logistic regression approach. Participants: 4,109 public employees in Sweden. Results: The job burnout group showed an over-risk of long-term sickness absence incidence, both compared with a low exhaustion-cynicism reference group and with the job wornout group after adjustment for several potential confounders. No association with incidence of long-term sickness absence was found for the job wornout group. Conclusions: The differential vulnerability to long-term sickness absence among high exhaustion-cynicism groups suggests that a self-worth perspective of job burnout can be advantageous for prevention of the costly long-term sickness absences.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 38, no 2, 181-192 p.
Job burnout, long-term sickness absence, contingent self-esteem, public employees, longitudinal study, prevention
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157641DOI: 10.3233/WOR-2011-01120ISI: 000286884200011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-157641DiVA: diva2:436232