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Job burnout and job wornout as risk factors for long-term sickness absence
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
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2011 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 38, no 2, 181-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Contingent self-esteem has been assumed to be a risk for burnout-related disorders, and a contingent self-worth notion of job burnout was applied to study the prospective relationship between job burnout and registered episodes of sickness absence of >= 60 consecutive days. Methods: Job burnout was defined as being in the high quartiles on the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS) scales of exhaustion and cynicism and, in addition, as being above the median on a scale for performance-based self-esteem. Another high exhaustion-cynicism group, a "job wornout" group, was defined as being high on the same MBI-GS scales but having performance-based self-esteem scores below the median. Data were analyzed by a multivariate, logistic regression approach. Participants: 4,109 public employees in Sweden. Results: The job burnout group showed an over-risk of long-term sickness absence incidence, both compared with a low exhaustion-cynicism reference group and with the job wornout group after adjustment for several potential confounders. No association with incidence of long-term sickness absence was found for the job wornout group. Conclusions: The differential vulnerability to long-term sickness absence among high exhaustion-cynicism groups suggests that a self-worth perspective of job burnout can be advantageous for prevention of the costly long-term sickness absences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 38, no 2, 181-192 p.
Keyword [en]
Job burnout, long-term sickness absence, contingent self-esteem, public employees, longitudinal study, prevention
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157641DOI: 10.3233/WOR-2011-01120ISI: 000286884200011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-157641DiVA: diva2:436232
Available from: 2011-08-22 Created: 2011-08-22 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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