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Catecholamine release-inhibitory peptide catestatin (chromogranin A352-372): Naturally occurring amino acid variant Gly364Ser causes profound changes in human autonomic activity and alters risk for hypertension
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2007 (English)In: Circulation, ISSN 0009-7322, E-ISSN 1524-4539, Vol. 115, no 17, p. 2271-2281Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND - Chromogranin A, coreleased with catecholamines by exocytosis, is cleaved to the catecholamine release-inhibitory fragment catestatin. We identified a natural nonsynonymous variant of catestatin, Gly364Ser, that alters human autonomic function and blood pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS - Gly364Ser heterozygotes and controls underwent physiological and biochemical phenotyping, including catecholamine production, chromogranin A precursor, and its catestatin product. Case-control studies replicated effects of the gene on blood pressure in the population. Gly364Ser displayed diminished inhibition of catecholamine secretion from cultured neurons. Gly/Ser heterozygotes displayed increased baroreceptor slope during upward deflections (by ≈47%) and downward deflections (by ≈44%), increased cardiac parasympathetic index (by ≈2.4-fold), and decreased cardiac sympathetic index (by ≈26%). Renal norepinephrine excretion was diminished by ≈26% and epinephrine excretion by ≈34% in Gly/Ser heterozygotes. The coalescent dated emergence of the variant to ≈70 000 years ago. Gly364Ser was in linkage disequilibrium with 1 major Chromogranin A promoter haplotype, although promoter haplotypes did not predict autonomic phenotypes. The 364Ser variant was associated with lower diastolic blood pressure in 2 independent/confirmatory groups of patients with hypertension; genotype groups differed by ≈5 to 6 mm Hg, and the polymorphism accounted for ≈1.8% of population diastolic blood pressure variance, although a significant gene-by-sex interaction existed, with an enhanced effect in men. CONCLUSIONS - The catestatin Gly364Ser variant causes profound changes in human autonomic activity, both parasympathetic and sympathetic, and seems to reduce risk of developing hypertension, especially in men. A model for catestatin action in the baroreceptor center of the nucleus of the tractus solitarius accounts for these actions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 115, no 17, p. 2271-2281
Keyword [en]
Acetylcholine, Blood pressure, Catecholamines, Genetics, Heart rate, Hypertension, Nervous system, sympathetic
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-15957DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.628859ISI: 000246122600005PubMedID: 17438154OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-15957DiVA, id: diva2:43728
Available from: 2008-03-26 Created: 2008-03-26 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Stridsberg, Mats

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