Modeling Photosystem I with the alternative reaction center protein PsaB2 in the nitrogen fixing cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme
2011 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, ISSN 0005-2728, E-ISSN 1879-2650, Vol. 1807, no 9, 1152-1161 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Five nitrogen fixing cyanobacterial strains have been found to contain PsaB2, an additional and divergent gene copy for the Photosystem I reaction center protein PsaB. In all five species the divergent gene, psaB2, is located separately from the normal psaAB operon in the genome. The protein, PsaB2, was recently identified in heterocysts of Nostoc punctiforme sp. strain PCC 73102. 12 conserved amino acid replacements and one insertion, were identified by a multiple sequence alignment of several PsaB2 and PsaB1 sequences. Several, including an inserted glutamine, are located close to the iron-sulfur cluster F(x) in the electron transfer chain. By homology modeling, using the Photosystem I crystal structure as template, we have found that the amino acid composition in PsaB2 will introduce changes in critical parts of the Photosystem I protein structure. The changes are close to F(x) and the phylloquinone (PhQ) in the B-branch, indicating that the electron transfer properties most likely will be affected. We suggest that the divergent PsaB2 protein produces an alternative Photosystem I reaction center with different structural and electron transfer properties. Some interesting physiologcial consequences that this can have for the function of Photosystem I in heterocysts, are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 1807, no 9, 1152-1161 p.
Photosystem-I, Nostoc punctiforme, Electron transfer, Homology model, Multiple sequence alignment
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157239DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2011.05.004ISI: 000293550300015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-157239DiVA: diva2:437968