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Phylogeny and character evolution in the jelly fungi (Tremellomycetes, Basidiomycota, Fungi)
Uppsala University, Music and Museums, Museum of Evolution.
2011 (English)In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, ISSN 1055-7903, E-ISSN 1095-9513, Vol. 61, no 1, 12-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Tremellomycetes (Agaricomycotina, Basidiomycota, Fungi) are a nutritionally heterogeneous group comprising saprotrophs, animal parasites, and fungicolous species (fungal-inhabiting, including lichen-inhabiting). The relationships of many species, particularly those with a lichenicolous habit, have never been investigated by molecular methods. We present a phylogeny of the Tremellomycetes based on three nuclear DNA ribosomal markers (nSSU, 5.8S and nLSU), representing all main taxonomic groups and life forms, including lichenicolous taxa. The Cystofilobasidiales, Filobasidiales, Holtermanniales, and Tremellales (including the Trichosporonales) are recovered as monophyletic, but this is not the case for the Tremellomycetes. We suggest, however, that the Cystofilobasidiales tentatively continue to be included in the Tremellomycetes. As currently circumscribed, the Filobasidiaceae, Sirobasidiaceae, Syzygosporaceae and Tremellaceae are non-monophyletic. Cuniculitremaceae, Sirobasidiaceae and Tetragoniomycetaceae are nested within Tremellaceae. The lichenicolous species currently included within the Tremellomycetes belong in this group, distributed across the Filobasidiales and Tremellales. Lichen-inhabiting taxa do not form a monophyletic group; they are distributed in several clades and sometimes intermixed with taxa of other nutritional habits. Character state reconstruction indicates that two morphological traits claimed to characterize groups in the Tremellomycetes (the basidium habit and basidium septation) are highly homoplastic. Comparative phylogenetic methods suggest that the transitions between single and catenulate basidia in the Tremellales are consistent with a punctuational model of evolution whereas basidium septation is likely to have evolved under a graduational model in the clade comprising the Holtermanniales, Filobasidiales, and Tremellales.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 61, no 1, 12-28 p.
Keyword [en]
Ancestral state reconstruction, Basidium, Character evolution, Lichenicolous fungi, Molecular phylogeny, Tremellomycetes
National Category
Biological Systematics
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Systematics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-158145DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.05.014ISI: 000293810000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-158145DiVA: diva2:438873
Available from: 2011-09-05 Created: 2011-09-01 Last updated: 2016-03-08

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Ekman, Stefan
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