Effects of prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation on infant development: a randomized trial from the Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions, Matlab (MINIMat) study
2008 (English)In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0002-9165, Vol. 87, no 3, 704-711 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Few data exist for the effects of multiple micronutrient (MM) or food supplementation to undernourished pregnant women on their offsprings' development. Objective: We aimed to compare the effects on infant development of early (8 - 10 wk gestation) or usual (approximate to 17 wk gestation) supplementation with food and MM, 30 mg Fe + 400 mu g folate, or 60 mg Fe + 400 mu g folate. Design: A large, randomized, controlled trial of pregnancy supplementation was conducted in Bangladesh. A subsample of infants (n = 2853) were assessed on 2 problem-solving tests (support and cover tests), the motor index of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, and Wolke's behavior ratings at 7 mo of age. Results: There were no significant effects of any intervention in the group as a whole. However, infants of undernourished mothers [body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) < 18.5] who received early food supplementation performed slightly but significantly (P = 0.035) better on the support test than did infants of mothers who received usual food supplementation (z score: 0.17; 95% CI 0.01, 0.33). There were no benefits in infants of higher-BMI mothers (P = 0.024 for BMI x food interaction). Children of low-BMI mothers who received MMs had slightly better motor scores (z score: 0.28; 95% CL 0.08, 0.48) and activity ratings (z score: 0.24; 95% CI: 0.037, 0.45) than did those who received 30 mg Fe + 400 mu g folate, whereas other children did not benefit (P = 0.05 for both motor scores and BMI x micronutrients and for activity and BMI x micronutrients). Conclusions: Small benefits from early food and MM supplementation were found in infants of low-BMI but not of high-BMI mothers. However, the benefits were of doubtful functional importance, and longer follow-up is required to determine programmatic implications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 87, no 3, 704-711 p.
maternal nutrition, pregnancy, food and micronutrient supplementation, problem-solving test, psychomotor development, Bangladesh, infants, body mass index
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-16200ISI: 000253927700024PubMedID: 18326610OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-16200DiVA: diva2:43971