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Engineering Lightning Return Stroke Models Incorporating Current Reflection From Ground and Finitely Conducting Ground Effects
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Dept of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville,FL, USA.
2011 (English)In: IEEE transactions on electromagnetic compatibility (Print), ISSN 0018-9375, E-ISSN 1558-187X, Vol. 53, no 3, 773-781 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A return stroke model that incorporates a reflected wave from ground without introducing any current discontinuities at the return stroke front is introduced. The incident current is treated using current generation concepts and the reflected current using current dissipation concepts. It is shown that the effect of the reflected current wave is to cause flattening of close electric field waveforms within about 10 mu s. Additionally, it is shown how a return stroke model could be utilized to study the effect of ground conductivity on the return stroke current. The results show that the peak time derivative of current in lightning strokes terminating on poorly conducting ground is significantly lower than in the case of highly conducting ground. The model is also used to predict the spatial variation of return stroke velocity. The results show that the return stroke velocity increases initially, reaches a peak, and then decays with increasing height.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 53, no 3, 773-781 p.
Keyword [en]
Finite ground conductivity, lightning, lightning current, lightning electromagnetic pulse (LEMP), lightning models, return stroke
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-158602DOI: 10.1109/TEMC.2011.2113350ISI: 000294131700025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-158602DiVA: diva2:440223
Available from: 2011-09-12 Created: 2011-09-12 Last updated: 2016-04-20Bibliographically approved

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