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Caveolin-1 interacts with alpha-synuclein and mediates toxic actions of cellular alpha-synuclein overexpression
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2011 (English)In: Neurochemistry International, ISSN 0197-0186, E-ISSN 1872-9754, Vol. 59, no 2, 280-289 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a transmembrane protein which clusters proteins and lipids at the cell membrane into a subclass of lipid rafts named caveolae. To increase our understanding about putative functions of Cav-1 in neuronal cells, we used mouse brain extracts and a novel technology coupling surface plasmon resonance to mass spectrometry to find binding partners to Cav-1. An interaction between Cav-1 and alpha-synclein was found and confirmed in reciprocal pulldown experiments. Genetic overexpression of alpha-synclein in mouse neuroblastoma Neuro2A cells (N2A) expectedly decreased cell survival, but also significantly increased the levels of Cav-1. Furthermore, si-RNA-mediated knockdown of Cav-1 counteracted cell death induced by overexpression of alpha-synuclein. We also used an inhibitor of proteasome (MG132) to induce cell death in a Parkinson's disease context. Cav-1 knockdown had no effect on cell death induced by MG132. Conversely, treating the cells with mevastatin, an inhibitor of cholesterol synthesis, inhibits cell death induced by MG132, but not by alpha synuclein overexpression. It can be concluded that Cav-1 may play a functional role in neuronal cells by virtue of its physical interaction with alpha-synuclein and regulate alpha synuclein-mediated actions on cell death, processes known to be involved in synucleinopathies including Parkinson's disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 59, no 2, 280-289 p.
Keyword [en]
Parkinson, Cell death, Neurotoxicity, Lipid rafts, N2A, Proteasome inhibitor
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-158601DOI: 10.1016/j.neuint.2011.05.017ISI: 000294091600022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-158601DiVA: diva2:440231
Available from: 2011-09-12 Created: 2011-09-12 Last updated: 2011-09-12Bibliographically approved

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